In the United States, most state registration boards require a degree from an accredited professional degree program as a prerequisite for licensure. The National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB), which is the sole agency authorized to accredit US professional degree programs in architecture, recognizes three types of degrees: the bachelor of architecture, the master of architecture, and the doctor of architecture. A program may be granted a 6-year, 3-year, or 2-year term of accreditation, depending on the extent of its conformance with established educational standards.
Doctor of architecture and master of architecture degree programs may consist of a pre-professional undergraduate degree and a professional graduate degree that, when earned sequentially, constitute an accredited professional education. However, the preprofessional degree is not, by itself, recognized as an accredited degree.
The University of Oregon Department of Architecture offers the following NAAB-accredited degree programs:
- Bachelor of Architecture (231 undergraduate credits)
- Master of Architecture Track I (non-pre-professional undergraduate degree + 144 graduate credits needed to fulfill all professional degree requirements); and
- Master of Architecture Track II (pre-professional undergraduate degree + 87 graduate credits needed to fulfill all professional degree requirements)
The MS in Architecture degree is a post-professional degree and is not accredited. These students must have completed a NAAB-accredited degree or the international equivalent prior to enrolling.
The next accreditation visit for UO architecture programs is in 2021.
National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB) Reports
In the United States, the title “architect” is legally restricted to individuals licensed by each state. Individual state governments use guidelines established by the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) to license architects. NCARB guidelines for license examination eligibility and the NCARB examination are used uniformly by most states. Before becoming licensed, an applicant must have three years of professional experience directly supervised by a registered architect. In some states, including Oregon, registration with the Intern Development Program is required while preparing for licensure. Architecture students and graduates of architecture programs who are not yet licensed are prohibited from using the title “architect."
Interior Architecture Program
Professional degree programs in the field of interior design are accredited by the Council for Interior Design Accreditation (CIDA) and by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD). CIDA and NASAD recognize multiple degree titles including the bachelor of interior architecture (or interior design) and the master of interior architecture (or interior design). A program may be granted a 6-year, 3-year, or 2-year term of accreditation, depending on the extent of its conformance with established educational standards.
The University of Oregon Department of Architecture offers the following NASAD- and CIDA-accredited degree programs:
- Bachelor of Interior Architecture (225 undergraduate credits)
- Master of Interior Architecture Track I (non-pre-professional degree + 147 credits); and
- Master of Interior Architecture Track II (pre-professional degree + graduate credits needed to fulfill all M.I.Arch. requirements.)
The MS in Interior Architecture degree is a post professional degree and is not accredited by CIDA. These students must have completed a CIDA accredited degree or the international equivalent prior to enrolling.
The next accreditation visits for UO interior architecture programs are in 2015 for CIDA and the 2019-2020 academic year for NASAD.
State laws vary widely in regard to interior design registration and/or licensure. In those states that have adopted legislation, a professional degree from a CIDA-accredited program is the preferred prerequisite. Interior architecture students and graduates of the program must pass an examination established by National Council of Interior Design Qualification in order to become licensed as interior designers in those states with licensing or certification. Rules vary from state to state but generally two years of professional experience are required prior to taking the exam.
Student Achievement Data
The Interior Architecture Program collects and publishes information regarding undergraduate and graduate student achievement, including aggregate data concerning retention, graduation rates, acceptance to graduate programs and employment data. Our graduation rates and retention data has been collected from the University of Oregon registrar’s office and the from Department of Architecture records and our employment and graduate application data was collected from a recent survey sent to our alumni who graduated between 2008 and 2013.
Graduation Rates Data
Undergraduate: 100 percent of the students enrolled in the classes of 2013, 2014 in the 5-year bachelor of interior architecture degree program graduated in five years or less.
Graduate: 99.95 percent of the students enrolled in the classes of 2013, 2014 Master of Interior Architecture Track I (3-year and one summer) and the Master of Interior Architecture Track II (2-year) degree programs graduated on time.
Retention Rates Data
Undergraduate: Graduating classes in 2014 and 2013 had an aggregate 73 percent retention rate beginning from year one of the bachelor’s curriculum.
Graduate: Graduating classes in 2014 and 2013 had an aggregate 90 percent retention rate beginning from year one of both the Track I and Track II master’s curriculum.
Many factors go into a graduate’s ability to obtain employment quickly ranging from local/national/global economics to individual circumstances. The respondents to our survey who graduated in:
- 2015—100 percent were employed within six months after graduation
- 2014—88 percent were employed within one year after graduation
- 2013—100 percent were employed 0-6 months after graduation
Acceptance into Graduate Programs Data
The respondents to our survey who graduated between 2008–2013 report:
- 3 percent have applied and 100 percent were accepted
- 15 percent are considering applying to graduate school in the future